Lesson #117: More Vocabulary to Help with Reading Hardy’s ‘Under the Greenwood Tree’ (and Other Books!) (Part 2)

As mentioned in the previous post, where I quoted from Thomas Hardy’s Under the Greenwood Tree (1872), here is a short list of vocabulary to help with understanding the same passage.

🍃A quick question: how did you find the text? Was it challenging in terms of vocabulary? Did you understand most of it?

✨Did you enjoy his description of a winter’s night, of a group of men preparing nervously and excitedly for singing Christmas songs?

If you are interested, you can find a recording of the same song that Hardy refers to – ‘Remember, O Thou Man’ – on YouTube; the choir who sings it is very good!

🎵 ‘Ravenscroft, Remember, O Thou Man’

* lantern: a lighted lamp with a transparent case, often having a handle by which to carry it

* accumulation: the gathering of something, increasing amounts (of something)

* twilight: the faint light from the sky between sunset (or sunrise) and nightfall

* pervasive: widespread, invading

* traceable: something that could be traced back to or noticed as coming from something

* alert: alarm or signal; ‘on the alert’ means to be on your guard, watchful or vigilant in case of danger

* rebound: bounce back

* scampered < scamper: (usually describes small animals or children) to run (away) in small hurried steps, scurry forth: outwards and away from a point in time or a place

* time-worn: old, ancient, traditional

* hymn: a Christian song, sung in churches by a group of believers (a congregation)

* embodying: becoming as a body, holding, containing

* quaint: old-fashioned in a nice way

* earnestly: with a full heart, hopefully and eagerly

As always, if you have a question, feel free to write to me via one of the contact forms and I will do my best to respond.

by J. E. Gibbons

English language tutor and researcher at 'Learn English Through Literature' (2023)